In the European Union, 12 states were completely or partially left without gas from Russia, and Moscow’s behavior in recent weeks has significantly exacerbated the risks, said European Commission Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson.
“The situation has been acute since the beginning of last fall, but Russia’s behavior in recent weeks has greatly exacerbated the risks,” Simson told the Estonian newspaper (Postimees). She said that “12 EU member states are currently partially or completely cut off from Russian gas.” “The EU crisis plan prepared at the beginning of the year can come in handy every hour and member states should be ready to apply their state plans,” she said.
Simson said that last week the EU reached an agreement to increase gas supplies with Israel and Egypt, deepened cooperation with Norway, and final direct negotiations with Azerbaijan. According to her, “great disagreements” among energy ministers are caused by issues related to the activities of the electricity market, as well as the extension of nuclear energy activities.
“The Commission cannot make decisions on the latter issue for any state, the choice of energy sources in accordance with the fundamental European treaties is the sovereign right of member states,” Simson said. She said discussions on these issues, starting on Monday in the EU, are “extremely important so that the EU can face the winter as unitedly and with maximum readiness.”
At the end of May, it was reported that Poland, Bulgaria, Finland and the Netherlands, due to their refusal to accept the new settlement system, had already lost the opportunity to receive Russian gas.
On June 9, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that countries that refused to pay for Russian gas under the new rules were already cut off from supplies, and no new cuts are planned.
In addition, Peskov clarified whether there will be new blackouts. “Not. The system is working, the system has been adjusted, and those who receive gas are already working according to the new system, which is spelled out in the relevant decree of the President of Russia,” he replied.
On June 14, Gazprom (MCX:GAZP) announced that it was forced to reduce gas supplies via Nord Stream compared to the plan due to the untimely return of gas pumping units from repair by Siemens and identified technical engine malfunctions. On June 15, Gazprom announced that it was forced to stop the operation of another Siemens gas turbine engine on the Nord Stream gas pipeline due to the end of the time between overhauls before overhaul. As a result, pumping from the night of June 16 should have decreased by another third – to 67 million cubic meters. m per day.
In July, Nord Stream will completely stop transportation due to scheduled maintenance, and this will further exacerbate the gas shortage in the market.
On March 31, the President of the Russian Federation signed Decree 172 “On a special procedure for the fulfillment by foreign buyers of obligations to Russian suppliers of natural gas.” According to the decree, payment for Russian pipeline gas supplied after April 1, 2022 to foreign counterparties specified in the decree must be made exclusively in rubles.